1994 was a big year for obesity, as that was when leptin was discovered. Suddenly, scientists understood food intake, appetite, and fat storage a lot better. Thanks to this, treating obesity has also become a lot easier. While bariatric surgery in Port Jefferson NY continues to be popular and necessary, other forms of treatment have also become available.
All About Leptin and Ghrelin
Two main hormones were discovered in 1994, being leptin and ghrelin. Leptin was soon found to be the most important hormone in terms of regulating our metabolism and feelings of hunger. Both hormones affect the hypothalamus, which is the part of our brain that controls how hungry and how full we feel. Hence, a neuroscientific way of treating obesity was discovered.
We know that, in order to treat obesity, we must eat less and move more. It is all about behavioral and lifestyle decisions, in other words. By that is easier said than done. It isn’t easy, or cheap, to suddenly move away from junk food. And finding the time to exercise three times per week is also not something we can all commit to.
That being said, there is no such thing as a miracle cure for obesity. It is not possible to simply take some leptin and watch the pounds melt off. This is why people who are obese must learn about nutrition, calorie intake, and energy expenditure. They must learn to have the willpower and determination to no longer eat the bad things, and to actually get up and move about.
Other things must be avoided as well. This includes:
- While abstinence is perhaps a bit over the top for many people, restricting alcohol intake is very important. Alcohol contains many simple carbohydrates and sugars, and does nothing positive to our body.
- Painkillers and prescription medication. They often increase a person’s appetite, leading to weight gain. This includes birth control, antidepressants, tranquilizers, and sedatives.
People who are obese should maintain a food chart. This is far more effective than calorie counting. Calorie counting works as a diet, not as a sustainable lifestyle change. With food charts, people can determine that they eat enough nutritious foods, instead of focusing on fatty, sugary foods.
With obese people, the focus should firstly be on regulating nutrition, not on losing weight. They must beat their addiction to fast foods. Only once that has been accomplished should there be a stronger focus on actually losing weight. This is achieved through regular physical exercise. Physical exercise, in turn, should be done in a way and at an intensity that is appropriate to the individual. If you have led a sedentary lifestyle and you are obese, you cannot expect to run a marathon. In fact, you probably cannot expect to run at all. Start with walking and sitting down exercises, before moving on slowly and gradually. It is about setting targets for yourself and achieving these, motivating yourself to push yourself further as you go along.